Insights on carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: phenotypic characterization of relevant isolates

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Márió Gajdács
Krisztina Kárpáti
Anette Stájer
Stefania Zanetti
Matthew Gavino Donadu

Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is ubiquitous in nature, and may be a causative agent in severe, life-threatening infections. In >60% of cases, β-lactam antibiotics are used in the therapy of P. aeruginosa infections, therefore the emergence of carbapenem-resistant P. aeruginosa (CRPA) is a significant clinical concern. In this study, phenotypic methods were used to characterize fifty-four (n = 54) P. aeruginosa isolates, which were included based on their suspected non-susceptibility to meropenem. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of meropenem, ceftazidime, cefepime, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, were determined using E-tests, while colistin MICs were determined using broth microdilution. The isolates were subjected to the modified Hodge test (MHT), the modified carbapenem-inactivation method (mCIM) and the imipenem/EDTA combined disk test (CDT). AmpC and efflux pump overexpression was studied using agar plates containing cloxacillin and phenylalanine-arginine β-naphthylamide (PAβN), respectively. Assessment of biofilm-formation was carried out using the crystal violet tube-adherence method. 38.9% of the strains showed meropenem MICs in the resistant range (>8 mg/L). Efflux-pump overexpression and AmpC-hyperproduction was seen in 44.4% and 35.2% of isolates, respectively. 88.8% of the isolates were characterized as strong biofilm-producers. On the other hand, the presence of carbapenemases was suspected in a minority (16.7%) of tested isolates. As safe and effective therapeutic options in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative infections are severely limited, characterization of these isolates using phenotypic and molecular-based methods is important to provide insights into the epidemiological features of these pathogens.

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How to Cite
Gajdács, M., Kárpáti, K., Stájer, A., Zanetti, S. and Donadu, M. G. (2021) “Insights on carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: phenotypic characterization of relevant isolates”, Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 65(1), pp. 105–112. doi: 10.14232/abs.2021.1.105-112.
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